Apostle Peter

Travel with the Disciple/Apostle Peter as he travels through the Gospels and Acts of the Apostles.

Follow Peter as Jesus calls his first disciples, “Come Follow Me.”, to Simon Peter’s Confession of Christ, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.", Peter walks out upon the water of the stormy seas to Jesus, The Transfiguration, the Denials of Peter, to the Empty Tomb, and the Resurrection of Jesus Christ and the dramatic reinstatement of Peter by Jesus asking “Do you love me?’ and Peter’s repentant reply, "Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.", and Jesus’ Grace, “Feed my Lambs.”

We follow Peter from the Gospels to The Acts of the Apostles and the Keys to the Kingdom. Follow Peter through Acts until the emergence of the later to become Apostle, Paul/Saul, one of the most prolific writers of the New Testament.




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Peter Perfect?

This beautiful Icon of Peter was painted by Michael Goltz


Peter Not So Perfect.

But neither are we, but just look at what Jesus did with Peter! Peter made mistakes and so do we. Peter walked on water, in the middle of a storm but failed. But how often do we tread into deeper waters trusting God? Peter denied Christ; admit it or not, so do we. Jesus the Good Shepherd found His lost sheep. Peter repented of his sin; and so can we. God’s grace and love are abundant. Peter was forgiven; and so are we. Peter has a mission: “Feed my lambs,” “Take care of my sheep,” “Feed my sheep.”

Peter has a mission and so do we.

"Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men"
Matthew 4:19
Mark 1:17


· Peter born at Betsaida, in Galilee, to a fisherman by the name of Jona
17Jesus replied, "Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah,
for this was not revealed to you by man,
but by my Father in heaven.
Matthew 16:17

· Peter’s brother was Andrew.

· Peter and his brother Andrew were fishing partners with Zebedee and his sons James and John.

· Peter and his brother and the two sons of Zebedee, James and John were to all become disciples of Christ and later to be appointed as apostles by Christ.

· Peter’s original name was Simon.

· Peter is the Greek translation of Cephas,
which means “The Rock”.

41The first thing Andrew did was to find his brother Simon (Peter) and tell him, "We have found the Messiah" (that is, the Christ).

42And he brought him to Jesus.
Jesus looked at him and said,
"You are Simon son of John. You will be called Cephas"
(which, when translated, is Peter
).

43The next day Jesus decided to leave for Galilee.
Finding Philip, he said to him, "Follow me."
John 1:41-43

Footnotes:
John 1:42 Both Cephas (Aramaic) and Peter (Greek) means rock.



Peter's Confession of Christ

15"But what about you?" he asked. "Who do you say I am?"

16Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ,
the Son of the living God."

17Jesus replied, "Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah,
for this was not revealed to you by man,
but by my Father in heaven.

18And I tell you that you are Peter,[a] and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it.

19I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven;
whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven,
and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven."

Matthew 16:15-19

Footnotes:
Matthew 16:18 Peter means rock.



The Calling of the First Disciples
Mark 1:14-20

14After John was put in prison, Jesus went into Galilee, proclaiming the good news of God. 15"The time has come," he said. "The kingdom of God is near. Repent and believe the good news!"

16As Jesus walked beside the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon (Peter) and his brother Andrew casting a net into the lake, for they were fishermen. 17"Come, follow me," Jesus said, "and I will make you fishers of men." 18At once they left their nets and followed him.

19When he had gone a little farther, he saw James son of Zebedee and his brother John in a boat, preparing their nets. 20Without delay he called them, and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired men and followed him. The Calling of the First Disciples Matthew 4:18-22

18As Jesus was walking beside the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon called Peter and his brother Andrew. They were casting a net into the lake, for they were fishermen. 19"Come, follow me," Jesus said, "and I will make you fishers of men." 20At once they left their nets and followed him.

21Going on from there, he saw two other brothers, James son of Zebedee and his brother John. They were in a boat with their father Zebedee, preparing their nets. Jesus called them, 22and immediately they left the boat and their father and followed him.

· While fishing in the Lake of Gennesaret, Simon Peter and his brother Andrew were called by Jesus to be his followers, with the words, "Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men"
Matthew 4:18-19;
Mark 1:16-17.



· The synoptic gospels all recount how his mother-in-law was healed by Jesus at their home in Capernaum
(Matthew 8:14-17;
Mark 1:29-31;
Luke 4:38)
Implying that Peter was married.



The Appointing of the Twelve Apostles
Mark 3:13-19

13Jesus went up on a mountainside and called to him those he wanted, and they came to him. 14He appointed twelve—designating them apostles—that they might be with him and that he might send them out to preach 15and to have authority to drive out demons.

16These are the twelve he appointed: Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter Peter is named first) 17 James son of Zebedee and his brother John (to them he gave the name Boanerges, which means Sons of Thunder); 18Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the Zealot 19and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.

· Peter is also often depicted in the Gospels as spokesman of all the apostles, and as one to whom Jesus gave special authority. Peter’s name is listed first in Mark 3:13-19



A Dead Girl and a Sick Woman
Mark 5:35-43

35While Jesus was still speaking, some men came from the house of Jairus, the synagogue ruler. "Your daughter is dead," they said. "Why bother the teacher any more?"

36Ignoring what they said, Jesus told the synagogue ruler, "Don't be afraid; just believe."

37 He did not let anyone follow him except Peter, James and John the brother of James. 38When they came to the home of the synagogue ruler, Jesus saw a commotion, with people crying and wailing loudly. 39He went in and said to them, "Why all this commotion and wailing? The child is not dead but asleep." 40But they laughed at him.

After he put them all out, he took the child's father and mother and the disciples who were with him, and went in where the child was. 41He took her by the hand and said to her, "Talitha koum!" (Which means, "Little girl, I say to you, get up!”). 42Immediately the girl stood up and walked around (she was twelve years old). At this they were completely astonished. 43He gave strict orders not to let anyone know about this, and told them to give her something to eat.

· Peter is also often depicted in the Gospels as spokesman of all the apostles, and as one to whom Jesus gave special authority. Again Peter’s name is listed first in
Mark 5:35-43.




Immediately Jesus reached out his hand and caught him.
"You of little faith," he said, "why did you doubt?"

Matthew 14:31



Jesus Walks on the Water
Matthew 14:22-36

22Immediately Jesus made the disciples get into the boat and go on ahead of him to the other side, while he dismissed the crowd. 23After he had dismissed them, he went up on a mountainside by himself to pray. When evening came, he was there alone, 24but the boat was already a considerable distance[a] from land, buffeted by the waves because the wind was against it.

25During the fourth watch of the night Jesus went out to them, walking on the lake. 26When the disciples saw him walking on the lake, they were terrified. "It's a ghost," they said, and cried out in fear.

27But Jesus immediately said to them:
"Take courage! It is I.
Don't be afraid."

28"Lord, if it's you," Peter replied, "tell me (command me) to come to you on the water."

29"Come," he said.

Then Peter got down out of the boat, walked on the water and came toward Jesus. 30But when he saw the wind, he was afraid and, beginning to sink, cried out, "Lord, save me!"

31Immediately Jesus reached out his hand and caught him.
"You of little faith," he said, "why did you doubt?"

32And when they climbed into the boat, the wind died down. 33Then those who were in the boat worshiped him, saying, "Truly you are the Son of God."

34When they had crossed over, they landed at Gennesaret. 35And when the men of that place recognized Jesus, they sent word to all the surrounding country. People brought all their sick to him 36and begged him to let the sick just touch the edge of his cloak, and all who touched him were healed.



Jesus Walks on the Water
Matthew 14:22-34 Amplified Bible

22Then He directed the disciples to get into the boat and go before Him to the other side, while He sent away the crowds. 23And after He had dismissed the multitudes, He went up into the hills by Himself to pray. When it was evening, He was still there alone.

24But the boat was by this time out on the sea, many furlongs [a furlong is one-eighth of a mile] distant from the land, beaten and tossed by the waves, for the wind was against them.

25And in the fourth watch [between 3:00--6:00 a.m.] of the night, Jesus came to them, walking on the sea.
26And when the disciples saw Him walking on the sea, they were terrified and said, It is a ghost! And they screamed out with fright. 27But instantly He spoke to them, saying, Take courage! I AM! Stop being afraid! 28And Peter answered Him, Lord, if it is You, command me to come to You on the water.

29He said, Come! So Peter got out of the boat and walked on the water, and he came toward Jesus. 30But when he perceived and felt the strong wind, he was frightened, and as he began to sink, he cried out, Lord, save me [from death]!

31Instantly Jesus reached out His hand and caught and held him, saying to him, O you of little faith, why did you doubt? 32And when they got into the boat, the wind ceased.

33And those in the boat knelt and worshiped Him, saying, Truly You are the Son of God! 34And when they had crossed over to the other side, they went ashore at Gennesaret.



Shelter From the Storm
Lyrics by Bob Dylan


“I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven;
whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven,
and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.
"
Matthew 16:19

Peter's Confession of Christ
Matthew 16:13-20
Mark 8:27-29
Luke 9:18-20

13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, "Who do people say the Son of Man is?"

14 They replied, "Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

15 "But what about you?" he asked. "Who do you say I am?"

16 Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God."

17 Jesus replied, "Blessed are you, Simon (Peter) son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by man, but by my Father in heaven.

18 And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it.

19I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven."

20Then he warned his disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Christ.

· Peter was of such firm faith, Jesus gave Peter the name Cephas, which means, Rock.” (This is why he is also often called, Simon Peter.

· The keys used as a symbol of the Pope's authority refer to the "keys of the kingdom of Heaven" promised to Peter.



Jesus Predicts His Death
Matthew 16:21-28

21 From that time on Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, chief priests and teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life.

22 Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. "Never, Lord!" he said. "This shall never happen to you!"

23Jesus turned and said to Peter, "Get behind me, Satan!
You are a stumbling block to me; you do not have in mind the things of God, but the things of men."

24Then Jesus said to his disciples, "If anyone would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and follow me. 25For whoever wants to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for me will find it. 26What good will it be for a man if he gains the whole world, yet forfeits his soul? Or what can a man give in exchange for his soul? 27For the Son of Man is going to come in his Father's glory with his angels, and then he will reward each person according to what he has done. 28I tell you the truth, some who are standing here will not taste death before they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom."

The Transfiguration
Matthew 17:1-13
Mark 9:2-13
Luke 9:28-36

1After six days Jesus took with him Peter (named first), James and John the brother of James, and led them up a high mountain by themselves.

2There he was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as the light.

3Just then there appeared before them Moses and Elijah, talking with Jesus.

4 Peter said to Jesus, "Lord, it is good for us to be here. If you wish, I will put up three shelters—one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah."

5While he was still speaking, a bright cloud enveloped them, and a voice from the cloud said, "This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased. Listen to him!"

6When the disciples heard this, they fell facedown to the ground, terrified. 7But Jesus came and touched them. "Get up," he said. "Don't be afraid." 8When they looked up, they saw no one except Jesus.

9As they were coming down the mountain, Jesus instructed them, "Don't tell anyone what you have seen, until the Son of Man has been raised from the dead."

10The disciples asked him, "Why then do the teachers of the law say that Elijah must come first?"

11Jesus replied, "To be sure, Elijah comes and will restore all things. 12But I tell you, Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him, but have done to him everything they wished. In the same way the Son of Man is going to suffer at their hands." 13Then the disciples understood that he was talking to them about John the Baptist.



The Parable of the Unmerciful Servant
Matthew 18:21-22

21 Then Peter came to Jesus and asked, "Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother when he sins against me? Up to seven times?"
22Jesus answered, "I tell you, not seven times, but seventy-seven times.




Jesus Predicts Peter's Denial
Matthew 26:31-35

31Then Jesus told them, "This very night you will all fall away on account of me, for it is written:
" 'I will strike the shepherd,
and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.'[c]
32But after I have risen, I will go ahead of you into Galilee."

33Peter replied, "Even if all fall away on account of you, I never will."

34"I tell you the truth," Jesus answered, "this very night, before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times." 35But Peter declared, "Even if I have to die with you,
I will never disown you." And all the other disciples said the same.




Jesus Arrested
John 18:1-11

1When he had finished praying, Jesus left with his disciples and crossed the Kidron Valley. On the other side there was an olive grove, and he and his disciples went into it.

2Now Judas, who betrayed him, knew the place, because Jesus had often met there with his disciples. 3So Judas came to the grove, guiding a detachment of soldiers and some officials from the chief priests and Pharisees. They were carrying torches, lanterns and weapons.

4Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out and asked them, "Who is it you want?"

5"Jesus of Nazareth," they replied.

"I am he," Jesus said. (And Judas the traitor was standing there with them.) 6When Jesus said, "I am he," they drew back and fell to the ground.

7Again he asked them, "Who is it you want?"

And they said, "Jesus of Nazareth."

8"I told you that I am he," Jesus answered. "If you are looking for me, then let these men go." 9This happened so that the words he had spoken would be fulfilled: "I have not lost one of those you gave me."[a]

10 Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's servant, cutting off his right ear. (The servant's name was Malchus.)

11 Jesus commanded Peter, "Put your sword away! Shall I not drink the cup the Father has given me?"



Peter's Denial

Peter Disowns Jesus
Matthew 26:69-75

69 Now Peter was sitting out in the courtyard, and a servant girl came to him. "You also were with Jesus of Galilee," she said.

70But he denied it before them all. "I don't know what you're talking about," he said.

71Then he went out to the gateway, where another girl saw him and said to the people there, "This fellow was with Jesus of Nazareth."

72 He denied it again, with an oath: "I don't know the man!"

73 After a little while, those standing there went up to Peter and said, "Surely you are one of them, for your accent gives you away."

74Then he began to call down curses on himself and he swore to them, "I don't know the man!"

Immediately a rooster crowed. 75Then Peter remembered the word Jesus had spoken: "Before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times." And he went outside and wept bitterly.



The Empty Tomb
John 20:1-9

1Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance. 2So she came running to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus loved, and said, "They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we don't know where they have put him!"

3 So Peter and the other disciple started for the tomb. 4Both were running, but the other disciple (John) outran Peter and reached the tomb first. 5He bent over and looked in at the strips of linen lying there but did not go in. 6Then Simon Peter, who was behind him, arrived and went into the tomb. He saw the strips of linen lying there, 7as well as the burial cloth that had been around Jesus' head. The cloth was folded up by itself, separate from the linen.

8Finally the other disciple (John), who had reached the tomb first, also went inside. He saw and believed.

9(They still did not understand from Scripture that Jesus had to rise from the dead.)



Jesus and the Miraculous Catch of Fish
John 21:1-14

1Afterward Jesus appeared again to his disciples, by the Sea of Tiberias. It happened this way: 2Simon Peter, Thomas (called Didymus), Nathanael from Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples were together. 3"I'm going out to fish," Simon Peter told them, and they said, "We'll go with you." So they went out and got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing.

4Early in the morning, Jesus stood on the shore, but the disciples did not realize that it was Jesus. 5He called out to them, "Friends, haven't you any fish?"
"No," they answered.

6He said, "Throw your net on the right side of the boat and you will find some." When they did, they were unable to haul the net in because of the large number of fish.

7Then the disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, "It is the Lord!" As soon as Simon Peter heard him say, "It is the Lord," he wrapped his outer garment around him (for he had taken it off) and jumped into the water. 8The other disciples followed in the boat, towing the net full of fish, for they were not far from shore, about a hundred yards 9When they landed, they saw a fire of burning coals there with fish on it, and some bread.

10Jesus said to them, "Bring some of the fish you have just caught." 11Simon Peter climbed aboard and dragged the net ashore. It was full of large fish, 153, but even with so many the net was not torn. 12Jesus said to them, "Come and have breakfast." None of the disciples dared ask him, "Who are you?" They knew it was the Lord.

13Jesus came, took the bread and gave it to them, and did the same with the fish. 14This was now the third time Jesus appeared to his disciples after he was raised from the dead.



Penitent Peter

Jesus Reinstates Peter
John 21:15-25

15When they had finished eating, Jesus said to Simon Peter, "Simon son of John, do you truly love me more than these?"
"Yes, Lord," he said, "you know that I love you." Jesus said, "Feed my lambs."

16Again Jesus said, "Simon son of John, do you truly love me?"
He answered, "Yes, Lord, you know that I love you." Jesus said, "Take care of my sheep."

17 The third time he said to him, "Simon son of John, do you love me?"
Peter was hurt because Jesus asked him the third time, "Do you love me?" He said, "Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you."
Jesus said, "Feed my sheep.

18 I tell you the truth, when you were younger you dressed yourself and went where you wanted; but when you are old you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and lead you where you do not want to go." 19Jesus said this to indicate the kind of death by which Peter would glorify God. Then he said to him, "Follow me!"

20Peter turned and saw that the disciple whom Jesus loved was following them. (This was the one who had leaned back against Jesus at the supper and had said, "Lord, who is going to betray you?") 21When Peter saw him, he asked, "Lord, what about him?"

22Jesus answered, "If I want him to remain alive until I return, what is that to you? You must follow me." 23Because of this, the rumor spread among the brothers that this disciple would not die. But Jesus did not say that he would not die; he only said, "If I want him to remain alive until I return, what is that to you?"

24This is the disciple who testifies to these things and who wrote them down. We know that his testimony is true.

25Jesus did many other things as well. If every one of them were written down, I suppose that even the whole world would not have room for the books that would be written.




The Demand for a Sign
Matthew 16

1The Pharisees and Sadducees came to Jesus and tested him by asking him to show them a sign from heaven.

2He replied, "When evening comes, you say, 'It will be fair weather, for the sky is red,' 3and in the morning, 'Today it will be stormy, for the sky is red and overcast.' You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times. 4A wicked and adulterous generation looks for a miraculous sign, but none will be given it except the sign of Jonah." Jesus then left them and went away. The Yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees

5When they went across the lake, the disciples forgot to take bread. 6"Be careful," Jesus said to them. "Be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees."

7They discussed this among themselves and said, "It is because we didn't bring any bread."

8Aware of their discussion, Jesus asked, "You of little faith, why are you talking among yourselves about having no bread? 9Do you still not understand? Don't you remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many basketfuls you gathered? 10Or the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many basketfuls you gathered? 11How is it you don't understand that I was not talking to you about bread? But be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees." 12Then they understood that he was not telling them to guard against the yeast used in bread, but against the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.



Peter's Confession of Christ
Matthew 16:13-20
Mark 8:27-29
Luke 9:18-20

13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, "Who do people say the Son of Man is?"

14 They replied, "Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

15 "But what about you?" he asked. "Who do you say I am?"

16 Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God."

17 Jesus replied, "Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by man, but by my Father in heaven.

18 And I tell you that you are Peter,[ and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it.

19I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven." 20Then he warned his disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Christ.



Jesus Predicts His Death
Matthew 16:21-28

21 From that time on Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, chief priests and teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life.

22 Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. "Never, Lord!" he said. "This shall never happen to you!"

23Jesus turned and said to Peter, "Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; you do not have in mind the things of God, but the things of men."

24Then Jesus said to his disciples, "If anyone would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and follow me. 25For whoever wants to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for me will find it. 26What good will it be for a man if he gains the whole world, yet forfeits his soul? Or what can a man give in exchange for his soul? 27For the Son of Man is going to come in his Father's glory with his angels, and then he will reward each person according to what he has done. 28I tell you the truth, some who are standing here will not taste death before they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom."



The Transfiguration
Matthew 17:1-13
Mark 9:2-13
Luke 9 28-36

1After six days Jesus took with him Peter (named first), James and John the brother of James, and led them up a high mountain by themselves. 2There he was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as the light. 3Just then there appeared before them Moses and Elijah, talking with Jesus.

4 Peter said to Jesus, "Lord, it is good for us to be here. If you wish, I will put up three shelters—one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah."

5While he was still speaking, a bright cloud enveloped them, and a voice from the cloud said, "This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased. Listen to him!"

6When the disciples heard this, they fell facedown to the ground, terrified. 7But Jesus came and touched them. "Get up," he said. "Don't be afraid." 8When they looked up, they saw no one except Jesus.

9As they were coming down the mountain, Jesus instructed them, "Don't tell anyone what you have seen, until the Son of Man has been raised from the dead."

10The disciples asked him, "Why then do the teachers of the law say that Elijah must come first?"

11Jesus replied, "To be sure, Elijah comes and will restore all things. 12But I tell you, Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him, but have done to him everything they wished. In the same way the Son of Man is going to suffer at their hands." 13Then the disciples understood that he was talking to them about John the Baptist.



The Healing of a Boy With a Demon
Matthew 17:14-22

14When they came to the crowd, a man approached Jesus and knelt before him. 15"Lord, have mercy on my son," he said. "He has seizures and is suffering greatly. He often falls into the fire or into the water. 16I brought him to your disciples, but they could not heal him."

17"O unbelieving and perverse generation," Jesus replied,
"how long shall I stay with you? How long shall I put up with you? Bring the boy here to me." 18Jesus rebuked the demon, and it came out of the boy, and he was healed from that moment.

19Then the disciples came to Jesus in private and asked, "Why couldn't we drive it out?"

20He replied, "Because you have so little faith. I tell you the truth, if you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you can say to this mountain, 'Move from here to there' and it will move. Nothing will be impossible for you."

22When they came together in Galilee, he said to them, "The Son of Man is going to be betrayed into the hands of men. 23They will kill him, and on the third day he will be raised to life." And the disciples were filled with grief.



The Temple Tax
Matthew 17:24-27

24After Jesus and his disciples arrived in Capernaum,
the collectors of the two-drachma tax came to Peter and asked, "Doesn't your teacher pay the temple tax?"

25"Yes, he does," he replied.
When Peter came into the house, Jesus was the first to speak. "What do you think, Simon (Peter)?" he asked. "From whom do the kings of the earth collect duty and taxes—from their own sons or from others?"

26"From others," Peter answered.

"Then the sons are exempt," Jesus said to him. 27"But so that we may not offend them, go to the lake and throw out your line. Take the first fish you catch; open its mouth and you will find a four-drachma coin. Take it and give it to them for my tax and yours."

Footnotes: a. Matthew 17:20 Some manuscripts you. 21 But this kind does not go out except by prayer and fasting.
b. Matthew 17:24 Greek the two drachmas



Peter Perfect?

When John, the disciple whom Jesus loved, recognised Jesus first (because he loved him back), Peter impetuously jumped into the water to wade across to him first.

Then he hesitated. He had a conscience. A few days before he had impetuously waded into the arresting posse in the Garden of Gethsemane, waving a sword, trying to be brave and failed. He failed spectacularly in the Courtyard of the High Priest, denying Jesus loudly and repeatedly. Peter is broken. He no longer has any faith in his good intentions. He knows he is unreliable. He knows he makes promises he cannot keep. So he hesitates, and fusses over the boat to avoid having to say anything to his Master

Jesus teaches him two things. First, the mission Jesus gives his followers depends not on their skill, but on their obedience to him. When they throw out their nets at his command they are more successful than they could have dreamed. John records that there were 153 fish, and no small ones. There is no symbolism here. It is the sort of thing fishermen remember.

Second, we accept the mission not because we think we are going to be good at it, or confident about it, but because we have been healed by Jesus. And in our love and gratitude we will not refuse him anything. “Tend my sheep,” says the Lord. “Feed my lambs.” And as weak and unreliable people, who have no idea how to bring the world to believe the gospel, we do it. And our yes always sounds like: ‘Lord, you know I love you...’ Forgiven sinners are the best servants.

www.ampleforth.org.



Gospel of John
Chapter 21 NIV
Jesus and the Miraculous Catch
(The Grace Chapter)

1Afterward Jesus appeared again to his disciples, by the Sea of Tiberias. It happened this way: 2Simon Peter, Thomas (called Didymus), Nathanael from Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples were together. 3"I'm going out to fish," Simon Peter told them, and they said, "We'll go with you." So they went out and got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing.

4Early in the morning, Jesus stood on the shore, but the disciples did not realize that it was Jesus. 5He called out to them, "Friends (Children), haven't you any fish?" "No," they answered.

6He said, "Throw your net on the right side of the boat and you will find some." When they did, they were unable to haul the net in because of the large number of fish.

7Then the disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter,
"It is the Lord!" As soon as Simon Peter heard him say, "It is the Lord," he wrapped his outer garment around him (for he had taken it off) and jumped into the water. 8The other disciples followed in the boat, towing the net full of fish, for they were not far from shore, about a hundred yards. 9When they landed, they saw a fire of burning coals there with fish on it, and some bread.

10Jesus said to them, "Bring some of the fish you have just caught."

11Simon Peter climbed aboard and dragged the net ashore.
It was full of large fish, 153, but even with so many the net was not torn. 12Jesus said to them, "Come and have breakfast." None of the disciples dared ask him, "Who are you?" They knew it was the Lord. 13Jesus came, took the bread and gave it to them, and did the same with the fish. 14This was now the third time Jesus appeared to his disciples after he was raised from the dead.



Jesus Reinstates Peter

15When they had finished eating, Jesus said to Simon Peter,

"Simon (Peter) son of John, do you truly love me more than these?" "Yes, Lord," he said, "you know that I love you." Jesus said, "Feed my lambs."

16Again Jesus said, "Simon son of John, do you truly love me?" He answered, "Yes, Lord, you know that I love you." Jesus said, "Take care of my sheep."

17The third time he said to him, "Simon son of John, do you love me?"

Peter was hurt because Jesus asked him the third time, "Do you love me?" He said, "Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you."

18Jesus said, "Feed my sheep. I tell you the truth, when you were younger you dressed yourself and went where you wanted; but when you are old you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and lead you where you do not want to go."

19Jesus said this to indicate the kind of death by which Peter would glorify God. Then he said to him, "Follow me!"

Omitted verses 20-23

24This is the disciple who testifies to these things and who wrote them down. We know that his testimony is true. 25Jesus did many other things as well. If every one of them were written down, I suppose that even the whole world would not have room for the books that would be written.



CONNECT THE DOTS

Connect the Dots; this is an "Empty Nets" and “Follow Me” Sandwich at the beginning and at the end of the story and with 3 denials, 3 repentances, and 3 reinstatemental Gifts of Grace in the middle.

For each of the three “denials” there are three reciprocal “Do you love me?” reinstatements asked by Jesus, and three repentances by Peter.

There is also connecting symbolism of Peter’s denials of “warming himself” by the “coals” and of Peter’s repentance over the “coals” which Jesus is cooking the fish.
Is this where we get the expression “raked over the coals”?

Let’s try to connect the Dots of Understanding!



The Calling of the First Disciples
Luke 5:1-11 NIV

1One day as Jesus was standing by the Lake of Gennesaret, with the people crowding around him and listening to the word of God, 2he saw at the water's edge two boats, left there by the fishermen, who were washing their nets. 3He got into one of the boats, the one belonging to Simon, and asked him to put out a little from shore. Then he sat down and taught the people from the boat.

4When he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, "Put out into deep water, and let down the nets for a catch."

5Simon answered, "Master, we've worked hard all night and haven't caught anything. But because you say so, I will let down the nets."

6When they had done so, they caught such a large number of fish that their nets began to break. 7So they signaled their partners in the other boat to come and help them, and they came and filled both boats so full that they began to sink.

8When Simon Peter saw this, he fell at Jesus' knees and said, "Go away from me, Lord; I am a sinful man!" 9For he and all his companions were astonished at the catch of fish they had taken, 10and so were James and John, the sons of Zebedee, Simon's partners.

Then Jesus said to Simon, "Don't be afraid; from now on you will catch men." 11So they pulled their boats up on shore,
left everything and followed him.




The Calling of the First Disciples
Matthew 4:18-20 NIV

18As Jesus was walking beside the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon called Peter and his brother Andrew. They were casting a net into the lake, for they were fishermen.

19"Come, follow me," Jesus said, "and I will make you fishers of men." 20At once they left their nets and followed him.

21Going on from there, he saw two other brothers, James son of Zebedee and his brother John. They were in a boat with their father Zebedee, preparing their nets. Jesus called them, 22and immediately they left the boat and their father and followed him.



John 21:15 * “do you truly love me more than these?"
This passage may be reminding Peter of his boast that he would remain loyal even if the others did not. – (Mark 14:29-31)



29Peter declared, "Even if all fall away, I will not."

30"I tell you the truth," Jesus answered, "today—yes, tonight—before the rooster crows twice you yourself will disown me three times."

31But Peter insisted emphatically, "Even if I have to die with you, I will never disown you." And all the others said the same.
Mark 14:29-31




Peter and the disciples failed Christ many times; and so do we! But God is a God of love, forgiveness, and hope. Even with all of our failings we have Hope in Jesus Christ not condemnation! Listed are a few examples of Peter, not so perfect.

· Jesus Walks upon the Water
Peter had little faith when walking on water.

28"Lord, if it's you," Peter replied, "tell me (command me) to come to you on the water."

29"Come," he said.

Then Peter got down out of the boat, walked on the water and came toward Jesus. 30But when he saw the wind, he was afraid and, beginning to sink, cried out, "Lord, save me!"

· Transfiguration – Peter is impetuous and speaks without thinking.

Peter said to Jesus, "Lord, it is good for us to be here. If you wish, I will put up three shelters—one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah."
Matthew 17:4

· Jesus Predicts His Death
Matthew 16:21-28

21 From that time on Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, chief priests and teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life.

22 Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. "Never, Lord!" he said. "This shall never happen to you!"

23Jesus turned and said to Peter, "Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; you do not have in mind the things of God, but the things of men."

· Jesus Prays on the Mount of Olives
Matthew 26:36-46
Mark 14:32-42
Luke 22:39-46

Jesus asks His disciples to stay awake and pray with Him.
The disciples fall asleep.

· Jesus Arrested
John 18:1-11
At the arrest of Jesus, Peter cut off the ear of one of the priest servants.

10 Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's servant, cutting off his right ear. (The servant's name was Malchus.)

11 Jesus commanded Peter, "Put your sword away! Shall I not drink the cup the Father has given me?"
John 18:10-11



· Peter Disowns Jesus

Matthew 26:69-75
John 18:15-18
John 18:25-27

Peter Denied Christ 3 times!

Jesus is the Lord of Second Chances.

18 And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. 19I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven." 20Then he warned his disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Christ.
Luke 9:18-20

Even with all of our imperfections and failings Jesus came back for us in love; not in condemnation. Even with all of our failings; we have Hope in Jesus Christ!



Your eyes have never seen,
your ears have never heard,
you cannot imagine the greatness and wonders
God has in store for you.

1 Corinthians 2:9

“For God so loved the world
that he gave his one and only Son,
that whoever believes in him
shall not perish but have eternal life.
For God did not send his Son into the world
to condemn the world,
but to save the world through him.”

John 3:16-17

For you were once darkness,
but now you are light in the Lord.
Live as children of light.

Ephesians 5:8

Trust in the Lord with all your heart
and lean not on your own understanding.

Proverbs 3:5

Pray that all of your actions
will be guided by your faith
in Jesus Christ.

Philippians 4:8-9

Be joyful always, pray continuously,
give thanks in all circumstances,
for this is God’s will for you in Christ Jesus.

1 Thessalonians 5:16-18

“’Love the Lord your God with all of your heart
and with all of your strength
and with all of your mind’;
and, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’”

Luke 10:27 NIV

“As the father has loved me,
so have I loved you...
My command is this:
Love each other as I have loved you.”

John 15:9-17

Be imitators of God, therefore,
as dearly loved children
and live a life of love,
just as Christ loved us
and gave himself up for us.

Ephesians 5:1

Be kind and compassionate to one another,
forgiving each other,
just as Christ God forgave you.

Ephesians 4:32 NIV

"Don't be afraid because I have saved you.
I have called you by name and you are mine."

Isaiah 43:1 NIV

“I am the way and truth and the life.
No one comes to the Father
except through me.”

John 14:6 NIV

“...blessed are those who have not seen
and yet have believed.”

John 20:29 NIV

“I am the good shepherd;
I know my sheep and my sheep know me-

John 10:14 NIV



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