Liturgical Calendar
of the Church Year

Liturgical Calendar Seasons of the Christian Year:
Let Bible Basics help you to get through the entire year. The meaning of Advent, Christmas, Epiphany, Lent, Easter, Pentecost, Trinity Sudany, and Christ the King Sunday.




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Seasons of the Christian Year

What is The Liturgical Calendar?
What does the Liturgical Calendar mean?

The Liturgical Calendar is the calendar of the Christian year, the Seasons of the Church starting with Advent the beginning of the Church year to Christmas, the Birth of Jesus, to the journey of the Magi, the Wisemen following the star of Bethlehem to find a small defenseless child, Jesus the Christ, the Messiah, our Lord and Savior.

We continue on to celebrations before Lent: Shrove Tuesday, Pancake Day, and Mardi Gras. The Lenten Bible Study takes you through the forty days of Lent, Preparing the Way of the Lord. The Lenten lessons take you to the garden at Gethsemane with Jesus, the arrest, trial, and scourging, and crucifixion of Jesus; the Passion of Christ.

At Easter we celebrate the Resurrection of Jesus Christ and we study how the Holy Spirit descends on the Disciples at Pentecost. Let Bible Basics… Layers of Understanding help you to get through the entire liturgical year.



Advent
What is Advent?
What is the Meaning of Advent?
What is an Advent Wreath?
What is the Meaning of the Advent Candles?

Advent marks the beginning of the church new year.
Advent is a period of reflection, penitence, and joy when Christians prepare for both the birth of the Baby Jesus, The (First Advent) the Son of God. in Bethlehem and for the second coming of Jesus (Second Advent) as the risen Christ to rule triumphantly over life in heaven and on earth.

The traditional color is Purple (violet), blue is gaining popularity to differentiate Advent from Lent.



Christmas
What is the Meaning of Christmas?
Christmas celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ, the Messiah, our Lord and Savior.

The angel said to them,
"Do not be afraid.
I bring you good news of great joy
that will be for all the people.
Today in the town of David
a Savior has been born to you;
he is Christ the Lord.

Luke 2:10-11


Jesus is the "Light of the World" that comes into our darkness.
Jesus came into the world
not to condemn the world
but to save the world through him.

John 3:17


Christmas season begins Christmas Day and last for 12 days.
The liturgical color is white.

Lessons from Mr. Magoo's "A Christmas Carol" the Christmas classic written by Charles Dickens teaches lessons of Social Justice and Injustice, a Political Commentary of the injustices, which still continue to this day; Oppression of the poor, the hungry, and the sick, the homeless by the greedy and selfish; the rich and powerful.



Epiphany
What is Epiphany?
What are is Meaning of Epiphany?

Epiphany sometimes is called Three Kings Day commemorating the coming of the wise men to worship the infant Jesus. Some traditions celebrate Epiphany as Jesus’ baptism in the river Jordan by John the Baptist where the Holy Spirit descends on Jesus like a dove, and proclaims Jesus the Son of God, and Jesus’ first recorded miracle, at Cana turning water into wine at a wedding banquet.

Epiphany begins the first Sunday in January and varies in length depending on the date set for Easter. The first and last Sundays, the liturgical color is white.

What are the meanings and the significance of the Star of Bethlehem?




Baptism of the Lord Sunday

What is Baptism of the Lord Sunday?
What is the Meaning of Baptism of the Lord Sunday?

The Baptism of the Lord (or the Baptism of Christ) is the feast day commemorating and celebrating the baptism of Jesus in the Jordan River by John the Baptist. In most parts of the Church, the feast is now observed on the first Sunday after Epiphany (6 January).

Baptism of the Lord Sunday is the Sunday we remember to whom do we belong? We belong to God. We are the adopted children of God.

Baptism of the Lord Sunday is the Sunday we Affirm, Renew, and we are Reminded of our Baptism.



Lent
What are the Celebrations before Lent?
What is the Meaning of Lent?

Celebrations before Lent: Shrove Tuesday, Pancake Day, and Mardi Gras.

Lent is a season of forty days, not counting Sundays, which begins on Ash Wednesday and ends on the Saturday before Easter. Lent comes from the Anglo-Saxon word lencten, which means (to lengthen) or “spring.” The season is a preparation for celebrating Easter.

The liturgical color is purple (violet). On Good Friday, black is substituted.



Tenebrae
What is Tenebrae?
What is the Meaning of Tenebrae?

“Tenebrae” is from the Latin word meaning “darkness” or “shadows.” Tenebrae is a solemn service on Good Friday or Maundy Thursday. The purpose of the service is to recreate the betrayal, abandonment, and agony of the arrest, trial, persecution, scourging, crucifixion, and death of Jesus Christ. At the end of the service the people leave in silence.



Easter
What is the Meaning of Easter?
Easter is the main celebration of the Christian year despite the popularity and commercialization of Christmas. In the Gospel of John, Mary Magdalene came to where Jesus had been buried and found the tomb empty. An angel of the Lord told her that Jesus had Risen. Easter is the celebration of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ conquering death and the hope given of everlasting life to those who believe in Him.

After Easter Day comes the fifty-day season of Sundays of Easter, followed by Pentecost, which marks the gift of the Holy Spirit.
The liturgical color is white.

"Preparing the Way" is a Bible based study lesson on how Jesus Christ the Messiah in the New Testament is the fulfillment of prophesies in the Old Testament.



Ascension Day
What is Ascension Sunday?
What is the Meaning of Ascension Day?

Ascension Day is forty days after Easter (always on a Thursday), but is most often celebrated on the Seventh Sunday of Easter.

Jesus tells disciples that they will receive the power of the Holy Spirit (Penetecost) and that they will spread his message throughout the world (The Great Commission). Then on the fortieth day Jesus took the disciples to the Mount of Olives, where they watched Jesus ascend into heaven. The liturgical color is white.



Pentecost
What is Pentecost?
What is the Meaning of Pentecost?

Pentecost is the celebration of the Holy Spirit descending on the Disciples. Remembering the gift of the Holy Spirit to the church after the Ascension of Jesus to the Father, Pentecost, celebrated seven weeks after Easter, is a day to celebrate the work of the Holy Spirit in the church today.

The traditional color is red (symbolizing the biblical reference to the “wind and flames” that came down from heaven at the time of the ascension of the Holy Spirit.) Pentecost begins the “fiftieth day” after Easter and is the longest season of the church year. It last until the first Sunday of Advent. Pentecost Sunday is the last day of the Season and Cycle of Easter.



Trinity Sunday
What is Trinity Sunday?
What is the Meaning of Trinity Sunday?

Trinity Sunday is the first Sunday after Pentecost, the Festival of the Holy Trinity, when the church rejoices in the impenetrable mystery that God is the Triune God (three-in-one) – The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Trinity Sunday the liturgical color is white.



Christ the King Sunday
What is Christ the King Sunday?
What is the Meaning of Christ the King Sunday?

Christ the King Sunday is the last Sunday of the season of Pentecost and marks the end of the church year. Christ the King Sunday is the observance proclaiming that no earthly ruler is lord. The liturgical color is white.



All Saints Sunday
What is All Saints Sunday?
What is the Meaning of All Saints Sunday?

All Saints Day is the day Christians give thanks for all the “Saints” the good people God has placed in our lives, those living and especially those who are already with God in heaven. The liturgical color is white.

The liturgical color for all other Sundays following Pentecost Sunday is green.



Ordinary Time
What is the Meaning of Ordinary Time?
What is Ordinary Time?

Ordinary Time is the Season After Pentecost The Church fulfills the Great Commission. Ordinary time (also called Kingdomtide and Dominiontide) is the time between Epiphany and Lent and between Pentecost and Advent. When there is no specific liturgical season or festival emphasis. It signifies a time of spiritual growth and is the norm of time kept by the church. The Sundays of Ordinary Time celebrate the good news of Christ’s death and resurrection and the unfolding presence of the new creation. Ordinary Time presents us with an ongoing opportunity to witness to the living Lord who makes all things new. PHPC edit



The word “holiday” originally comes from the words Holy Day. "Liturgy", Greek for “the work of the people” meaning “The public worship of the church.”Liturgy" comes from the Greek term for community service; done for the common good without pay.

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