The Ten Commandments

Are the Ten Commandments written on tablets of stone
or are they written on your heart?

The entire law is summed up in a single command:
"Love your neighbor as yourself.”




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Are the Ten Commandments written on tablets of stone
or are they written on your heart?


The entire law is summed up in a single command:

"Love your neighbor as yourself.”

Galatians 5:14




The Ten Commandments

Exodus 20: 1-17


1. You shall have no other God before the Lord.

2. You shall not make any idols or graven images.

3. You shall not take the name of the Lord in vain.

4. You shall keep the Sabbath holy.

5. You shall honor (respect) your mother and father.

6. You shall not murder.

7. You shall not be unfaithful to your wife or husband (adultery).

8. You shall not steal.

9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

10. You shall not covet (envy) another person’s possessions.




For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point
is guilty of breaking all of it.

James 2:10 NIV


If you break one Commandment you are guilty of breaking all of the Commandments. We are all guilty of breaking the Ten Commandments, but we are made right with God, justified through Jesus Christ.

The entire law is summed up in a single command:
“Love your neighbor as yourself.

– Galatians 5:14 NIV

In the Old Testament God’s Word was written on a tablet of stone.

In the New Testament, through Jesus Christ, the Word of God is written on our hearts through the Holy Spirit.



The Ten Commandments said:

1. ”You shall have no other gods before me.”
Exodus 20:3

2. ”You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.
Exodus 20:4

3. ”You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.
Exodus 20:7

4. ”Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.
Exodus 20:8

5. ”Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.”
Exodus 20:12

6. ”You shall not murder.”
Exodus 20:13

7. ”You shall not commit adultery.”
Exodus 20:14

8. ”You shall not steal.”
Exodus 20:15

9. ”You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor."
Exodus 20:16

10. ”You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”
Exodus 20:17



The Ten Commandments: what Jesus said:

1. “’Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only.’”
Matthew 4: 10

2. “No servant can serve two masters. Either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and Money.”
Luke 16:13

3. But I tell you, Do not swear at all: either by heaven, for it is God’s throne....
Matthew 5:34

4. “Then he said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. 28So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”
Mark 2:27,28

5. “Anyone who loves his father or mother more than me is not worthy of me; anyone who loves his son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me....
Matthew 10:37

6. But I tell you that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgment.
Matthew 5:22

7. But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
Matthew 5:28

8. And if someone wants to sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well.
Matthew 5:40

9. But I tell you that men will have to give account on the day of judgment for every careless word they have spoken.
Matthew 12:36

10. Then he said to them, “Watch out! Be on your guard against all kinds of greed; a man’s life does not consist in the abundance of his possessions.”
Luke 12:15



Matthew Henry's Bible Commentary: The Ten Commandments



Jesus validates the 10 Commandments; The Law.

17"Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.

18I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished.



Jesus’ purpose was to give the 10 Commandments their full meaning. Jesus was criticizing hypocritical legalisms of the Pharisees for hollow pretences of trying to gain merit with God through their actions while ignoring the “spirit” of the Law.

“Watch out for false prophets.
They come to you in sheep’s clothing,
but inwardly they are ferocious wolves.”

Matthew 7:15

False Prophets




Gospel of Matthew Chapter 5

Murder

21"You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.'

22But I tell you that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to his brother, 'Raca,' (contempt) is answerable to the Sanhedrin. But anyone who says, 'You fool!' will be in danger of the fire of hell.

Adultery

27"You have heard that it was said, 'Do not commit adultery. 28But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

Divorce

31"It has been said, 'Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.' 32But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, causes her to become an adulteress, and anyone who marries the divorced woman commits adultery.

Oaths

33"Again, you have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not break your oath, but keep the oaths you have made to the Lord.' 34But I tell you, Do not swear at all: either by heaven, for it is God's throne; 35or by the earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the Great King. 36And do not swear by your head, for you cannot make even one hair white or black. 37Simply let your 'Yes' be 'Yes,' and your 'No,' 'No'; anything beyond this comes from the evil one.

An Eye for an Eye

38"You have heard that it was said, 'Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.' 39But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. 40And if someone wants to sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well. 41If someone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. 42Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

Love for Enemies

Bless those who curse you,
do good to those who hate you.

43"You have heard that it was said, 'Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.' 44But I tell you: Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 45that you may be sons of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. 46If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that? 47And if you greet only your brothers, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that? 48Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

We get the conception that we are NOT to wipe out God’s enemies by killing them; we are to wipe them out by converting them.
William Barclay – Introducing the Bible


Matthew 5:21-48




Jesus in the beginning of Matthew 5:1-12 gives us the Beatitudes which understate the differences and contrast of Jesus’ full true meanings of the Ten Commandments and the Pharisees legalistic traditions.

The Beatitudes

1Now when he saw the crowds, he went up on a mountainside and sat down. His disciples came to him, 2and he began to teach them saying:

3"Blessed are the poor in spirit,
for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

4Blessed are those who mourn,
for they will be comforted.

5Blessed are the meek,
for they will inherit the earth.

6Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness,
for they will be filled.

7Blessed are the merciful,
for they will be shown mercy.

8Blessed are the pure in heart,
for they will see God.

9Blessed are the peacemakers,
for they will be called sons of God.

10Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness,
for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

11"Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me.

12Rejoice and be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.
Matthew 5:1-12



4th Commandment

You shall keep the Sabbath holy.

Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath: Luke 14:1-6

This is not a suggestion, this is a Commandment!

Possibly the most often broken of the Ten Commandments is
“You shall keep the Sabbath holy.”


Keeping the Sabbath is to give you freedom, not to be restrictive.

To the Jews who had believed him, Jesus said, “If you hold to my teaching, you are really my disciples. Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free. John 8:31-32

God Rested on the Sabbath

Thus the heaven and the earth were completed in all their vast array. By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work. And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done. Genesis 2:1-3 NIV



Restoring and Sharpening Your Soul

There was a woodcutter feverously working to cut down a large tree. After much laboring his axe began to get dull and the work became harder and harder; a wise older woodcutter said to the tired woodcutter,

“Why don’t you take some time to sharpen your axe to make your work go faster and easier?”

The overworked, stressed woodcutter replied incredulously,

“I can’t stop working I have to finish cutting down the tree!”



The Sabbath is a day to remember
you are not your own,
but of God.

The Sabbath is given to you for worship;
to Restoreth Your Soul.

You need the rest.
You need the rest from work,
rest from even the thought of work.

If you do not take the time
to enjoy the fruit of your labor,
the fruit will spoil,
all of your work will be in vain.

The Sabbath is a gift;
do not be reluctant to take the gift.





Five Wonderful Precepts by Thich Nhat Hahn

Ten Selfless Precepts




Creation by Bible Basics from Genesis 1:1-31 and Genesis 2:1-3 Artwork: The Sun by Edvard Munch 1863 - 1944 Music: "Morning Mood" by Edvard Grieg June 1843 September 1907 Reflective and Medatative Video Presentation by Bible Basics






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