Trinity Sunday

Incomprehensible Mystery




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The Triune God

God the Father

Our Creator and Sustainer

God the Son Jesus Christ

Our Savior and Redeemer

God the Holy Spirit

Our Sanctifier

and Comforter





Trinity Sunday, is the Sunday after Pentecost, the celebration of the Holy Trinity. Unlike other festivals in the church’s liturgical calendar, Trinity Sunday centers on a doctrine of the church rather than an event. It celebrates the unfathomable mystery of God’s being as Holy Trinity. It is a day of adoration and praise of the one, eternal, incomprehensible God. On the first day of the week God began creation. On the first day of the week God raised Jesus from the grave. On the first day of the week the Holy Spirit descended upon the newly-born church. Every Sunday is special. (Every Sunday is a Mini-Easter) Every Sunday is the day of Holy Trinity. The liturgical color for Trinity Sunday is white. White represents the holiness and perfection of God. - PHPC edit



The Sunday after Pentecost is the Festival of the Holy Trinity. On this day, Trinity Sunday, the church rejoices in the impenetrable mystery that God is the Triune God (three-in-one) – The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. By the power of the Holy Spirit, Christians accept this incomprehensible mystery as a fundamental article of faith as proclaimed in the Apostle’s Creed, the Nicene Creed, and the Athanasian Creed. Since faith comes only through the work of the Holy Spirit, it is appropriate that this glorious mystery is celebrated on the first Sunday after Pentecost, the great festival of the coming of the Holy Spirit. There are no clear-cut answers to the meaning of the Holy Trinity. The doctrine of three persons in one God, equal in divinity yet distinct in personality, is not clearly stated in the Bible. The word "Trinity" is not even found in the Bible. It is difficult for us to comprehend; to reconcile God as three distinct persons of God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit each of them equal in divinity, equally God; yet there are not three Gods but one. Though they are distinct as three persons, they are inseparable; they never are apart or act in isolation from the other two persons of the Trinity.



Athanasian Creed

The Athanasian Creed, along with the Apostles’ Creed, and the Nicene Creed, is one of the three ecumenical creeds that have been universally accepted and confessed by the Christian church since ancient times.
In many congregations it is read aloud in corporate worship on Trinity Sunday, the Sunday after Pentecost.

*The Athanasian Creed has been used by Christian churches since the sixth century of the common era. It is the first creed in which the equality of the three persons of the Trinity is explicitly stated, and differs from the Nicene and Apostles' Creeds in the inclusion of anathemas, or condemnations of those who disagree with the Creed.
*From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

– catholic* is the universal church



Athanasian Creed

Whoever wants to be saved should above all cling
to the catholic* faith.

Whoever does not guard it whole and inviolable
will doubtless perish eternally.

Now this is the catholic faith:
We worship one God in trinity and the Trinity in unity,
neither confusing the persons nor dividing the divine being.
For the Father is one person, the Son is another,
and the Spirit is still another.

But the deity of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit is one,
equal in glory, coeternal in majesty.

What the Father is, the Son is, and so is the Holy Spirit.
Uncreated is the Father; uncreated is the Son;
uncreated is the Spirit.

The Father is infinite; the Son is infinite;
the Holy Spirit is infinite.

Eternal is the Father; eternal is the Son; eternal is the Spirit:
And yet there are not three eternal beings,
but one who is eternal;

as there are not three uncreated and unlimited beings,
but one who is uncreated and unlimited.

Almighty is the Father; almighty is the Son; almighty is the Spirit:

And yet there are not three almighty beings,
but one who is almighty.

Thus the Father is God; the Son is God;
the Holy Spirit is God:
And yet there are not three gods, but one God.

Thus the Father is Lord; the Son is Lord;
the Holy Spirit is Lord:

And yet there are not three lords, but one Lord.
As Christian truth compels us to acknowledge
each distinct person as God and Lord,
so catholic religion forbids us to say
that there are three gods or lords.

The Father was neither made nor created nor begotten;
the Son was neither made nor created,
but was alone begotten of the Father;
the Spirit was neither made nor created,
but is proceeding from the Father and the Son.

Thus there is one Father, not three fathers; one Son,
not three sons; one Holy Spirit, not three spirits.

And in this Trinity, no one is before or after,
greater or less than the other;
but all three persons are in themselves, coeternal and coequal;
and so we must worship the Trinity in unity
and the one God in three persons.

Whoever wants to be saved should think thus about the Trinity.
It is necessary for eternal salvation that one also
faithfully believe that our Lord Jesus Christ became flesh.

For this is the true faith that we believe and confess:
That our Lord Jesus Christ, God's Son, is both God and man.

He is God,
begotten before all worlds from the being of the Father,
and he is man, born in the world from the being of his mother --

existing fully as God, and fully as man
with a rational soul and a human body;
equal to the Father in divinity,
subordinate to the Father in humanity.

Although he is God and man, he is not divided,
but is one Christ.
He is united because God has taken humanity into himself;
he does not transform deity into humanity.

He is completely one in the unity of his person,
without confusing his natures.
For as the rational soul and body are one person,
so the one Christ is God and man.

He suffered death for our salvation.
He descended into hell and rose again from the dead.
He ascended into heaven
and is seated at the right hand of the Father.

He will come again to judge the living and the dead.
At his coming all people shall rise bodily
to give an account of their own deeds.

Those who have done good will enter eternal life,
those who have done evil will enter eternal fire.
This is the catholic faith.
One cannot be saved without believing this
firmly and faithfully.

catholic* is the universal church



*The Athanasian Creed (Quicunque vult) is a statement of Christian doctrine traditionally ascribed to St. Athanasius, Archbishop of Alexandria, who lived in the 4th century. However most of today's historians agree that in all probability it was originally written in Latin, not in Greek, and probably originated in Gaul around 500; if so, then Athanasius cannot have been the original author. Its theology is closely akin to that found in the writing of Western theologians, especially Ss. Ambrose of Milan, Augustine of Hippo, and Vincent of Lérins. J.N.D. Kelly, a contemporary patristics scholar, believes that St. Vincent of Lérin may have been its author (J.N.D. Kelly, The Athanasian Creed, NY: Harper and Row, 1964).

*From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



There is only one True God

4In this matter, then, of eating food offered to idols,
we know that an idol is nothing (has no real existence)
and that there is no God but one.

1 Corinthians 8:4 (Amplified Bible)

5I am the Lord, and there is no one else; there is no God besides Me. I will gird and arm you, though you have not known Me, 6That men may know from the east and the rising of the sun and from the west and the setting of the sun that there is no God besides Me. I am the Lord, and no one else [is He].
Isaiah 45:5-8 (Amplified Bible)



Triune God

18Then Jesus came to them and said, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age."
Matthew 28:18-20

14May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.
2 Corinthians 13:14




What does it all mean to us;
putting it into context?

The Holy Trinity is perfection in complete harmony with one another. There is only one True God, the Triune God, God in three persons: the Holy Father, the Son Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit. God is unexplainably plural, in harmony, and in community. God is not single, alone, aloof, isolated, a loner, a recluse, or a hermit. Though God is in three distinct persons; they never are apart or act in isolation from the other two persons of the Trinity.

We too are called to live in love, harmony, and in community with God and with one another; not in isolation or high on a mountaintop by ourselves.

The Holy Trinity is perfection in love. We are familiar with the old saying, "Two is company, three is a crowd." The Trinity shows us that three is community, three is love at its best (perfection); three is not a crowd. Love always grows.

When love is complete – love becomes a trinity.

1+ When a man
1+ Loves a woman
1+ They can produce a baby
= Father, Mother, and Child

Love complete becomes a Trinity.

We are only complete as humans and complete as Christians when we are in community with God and with one another, when we follow Christ’s Greatest Command: “’Love the Lord your God with all of your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ this is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’”
Matthew 22:37



Prayer of Response

Almighty and eternal God, we lift up our praise to you, for you have revealed yourself to us as one in three. We worship you as Father, who fashioned us from the dust and whose love is from everlasting to everlasting. We worship you as Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, who became one with us that we might be restored to fellowship with God, and who gave his life for us that we might live for you. We worship you as Spirit, who convicts us of sin, who draws us to Christ, who dwells within us to strengthen and direct us in your will. We give thanks unto you and bless you, unto whom be glory and praise forever and forever.

Amen

NUMC



Gloria Patri

Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Ghost;
as it was in the beginning,
is now, and ever shall be,
world without end.
A-men. A-men.




Praise God from Whom All Blessings Flow:

By Thomas Ken 1674

Praise God, from whom all blessings flow;
Praise him, all creatures here below;
Praise him above, O heavenly host;
Praise Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.





Holy Holy Holy

"Holy, holy, holy is the Lord Almighty.”
Isaiah 6:3

Holy, holy, holy! Lord God Almighty!

Early in the morning our song shall rise to Thee; Holy, holy, holy, merciful and mighty!

God in three Persons, blessèd Trinity!

Holy, holy, holy! All the saints adore Thee, Casting down their golden crowns around the glassy sea; Cherubim and seraphim falling down before Thee, Who was, and is, and evermore shall be.

Holy, holy, holy! though the darkness hide Thee, Though the eye of sinful man Thy glory may not see; Only Thou art holy; there is none beside Thee, Perfect in power, in love, and purity.

Holy, holy, holy! Lord God Almighty!

All Thy works shall praise Thy Name, in earth, and sky, and sea; Holy, holy, holy; merciful and mighty! God in three Persons, blessèd Trinity!



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